Born in LaGrange, Georgia, Fuller E. Callaway Jr. began his "career" at age 14 ½ (the Georgia minimum age at the time), as a coal stoker in the basement furnace room of Elm City Mill. In 1935, Fuller E. Callaway, Jr. succeeded his brother as President of Callaway Mills, which together they had created in 1932 from the network of industries their father had started. Like his father and brother before him, he became very successful in the textile business and, later, became Chief Executive Officer of both the Georgia Textile Manufacturers Association and the American Textile Manufacturers Institute. He chartered Callaway Institute, Inc. for industrial research in 1943. In 1944, he founded the Institute of Textile Technology at Charlottesville, Virginia. In 1946, he founded the Georgia Tech Research Institute. Callaway created the Callaway Foundation and the Fuller E. Callaway Foundation, both of which continue to serve the State of Georgia. His passion for giving is best shown in his hometown, LaGrange.
- CEO, Georgia Textile Manufacturers Association and the American Textile Manufacturers Institute
- Named a Fellow of the Textile Institute in England
- Founded the Callaway Foundation, Inc and the Fuller E. Callaway Foundation
- Founded the Institute of Textile Technology at Charlottesville
- Founded the Georgia Tech Research Institute