Montgomery Knight was born on February 22, 1901 in Holyoke, Massachusetts to Franklin and Gertrude Knight where he graduated from Holyoke High School in 1918. From there Knight went on to attend the Massachusettes Institute of Technology under the advisory of Edward P. Warner and graduated with a Bachelors in Electrical Engineering in 1922. Upon graduation Knight did graduate work at John Hopkins and Harvard Universities and taught courses at MIT. In 1925 he joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) at Langley Field and in 1927 served as NACA's director of the Atmospheric Wind Tunnel Section. After this Knight was hired by Georgia Tech president Marion L. Brittain who was concerned with competing for a grant from the Guggenheim Foundation for the Promotion of Aeronautics. With a boost from hiring Knight the Guggenheim foundation gave its largest and last ever grant, $300,000 ($4,122,900 today) which allowed Brittain to establish the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aeronautics. Knight became the first director of the school and went on to found the Georgia Tech Research Institute where he served as a long-time researcher specializing in rotary-wing aircraft.
- Founded the Georgia Tech Research Institute
- First Director of the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aeronautics